Who were the public health pioneers featured on the new $2000 bill?

The images of Dr. Cecilia Grierson, the first Argentine doctor, and Dr. Ramón Carrillo, the country’s first Minister of Health, will be part of the new ticket put into circulation by the Central Bank, with a value of 2,000 pesos and that commemorates the development of science and medicine in Argentina.

Who was Ramón Carrillo, the first Minister of Health

The Central Bank presented the issuance of a 2,000-peso bill

born in santiago del esteroThe prestigious doctor graduated with a gold medal from the Faculty of Medicine and at the age of 36 he held the chair of Neurology at the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires.

When Juan Domingo Perón calls him for the task, Carrillo had already finished his professional training in Germany and was a recognized neurologist and neurosurgeon.

During his tenure, change the increase in beds in public hospitals, which went from 66,300 in 1946 to 132,000 in 1954. The rates of death from tuberculosis and infant mortality were also reduced, in addition to eradicating endemic diseases such as malaria and the disappearance of syphilis.

Cecilia Grierson and Ramon Carrillo

During his management, schools, homes for the elderly and nursing training institutes were also built, and free care for the entire population was confirmed and public policies such as the “Sanitary Train“.

The massive vaccination campaigns reached the entire countryA successful example was the public policy implemented to combat malaria that, within the framework of the “Great Sanitary Struggles” campaign, reduced the number of cases from 300,000 in four years 137 .

Ginés denies that Ramón Carrillo was a Nazi: “He said he was a black from Santiago del Estero”

In addition, during the administration of Ramón Carrillo, EMESTA was created, the first national medicines factory, which operated at the Malbrán Institute and produced medicines 70% cheaper than those of private laboratories.

Cecilia Grierson, the first Argentine doctor

Cecilia Grierson and Ramon Carrillo

Daughter of Scottish immigrants, she spent her childhood in Uruguay and Entre Ríos. He studied in English schools until the revolution of 1870 affected the family finances and he had to return. She worked as a teacher as a teenager to help her family and preserve the title of that profession. Her illness and the death of a friend of hers were the events that awakened her vocation for Medicine.

On November 22, 1859, the first Argentine doctor, Cecilia Grierson, was born.

In 1883 he entered the university, and in 1886, during a cholera outbreak in Buenos Aires, the third epidemic of the century, medical students were called to serve: “The exhausting days spent in the House of Isolation gave me the idea of ​​educating nurses… The best way to provide relief to those who suffer is to place at their side sympathetic, affable and capable people who can collaborate with the doctor in the fight to recover health.

Cecilia Grierson and Ramon Carrillo

On July 2, 1889, at the age of 30, she was the first woman to graduate from the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the UBA. She founded the School of Nursing of the Argentine Medical Circle, the Argentine Medical Association, the Argentine First Aid Society and the National Obstetric Association of Midwives.

Together with Alicia Moreau de Justo, Elvira Rawson and Julieta Lanteri they began the fight for women’s civil and political rightsdriven by the debates and protests that took place during the first decade of the 20th century.

She was elected as president of the First International Women’s Congress, which was held in May 1910 in the hall of the Unione Operai Italiani society that was located at 1356 Cuyo street (current Sarmiento street). In addition, she taught at the university and in her private office she also took care of deaf-mute children.


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